innovative business models, small farmer inclusion, social entrepreneurship, train ce food, market failures in agriculture,
Types: Food supply chain, Innovative business models, Social entrepreneurship and cooperatives
Sector: English
Skill: 2015 - now
Targets: Best practices, Books, Books, guides
Dogs: Cooperatives/NGOs, Cooperatives/NGOs Teachers/trainers/educators, Higher education students (Post-Secondary and Tertiary, Other stakeholders (e.g. decision-makers, interested civil society, etc.), researches, Teachers/trainers/educators, researches

Farmer participation in agricultural markets is of major importance for rural economic growth and poverty alleviation in developing countries. This paper discusses market failures and constraints in agriculture in low-income countries, focusing on how these failures and constraints affect small farmers, input sellers and output buyers. It then explores innovative models implemented to address these challenges, including: out- grower schemes; input bundling programmes; decommodification through quality product differentiation; information and communication technologies; distributed ledger technologies; and direct purchasing models. Finally, the paper reviews the existing evidence surrounding these innovative approaches and highlights evidentiary gaps.

Author: Hope Michelson (Associate Professor – University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) 2020